This paper utilizes a finite element analysis to study
the bearing capacity of ring footings on a two-layered soil. The upper
layer, that the footing is placed on it, is soft clay and the underneath
layer is a cohesionless sand. For modeling soils, Mohr–Coulomb
plastic yield criterion is employed. The effects of two factors, the
clay layer thickness and the ratio of internal radius of the ring footing
to external radius of the ring, have been analyzed. It is found that the
bearing capacity decreases as the value of ri / ro increases.
Although, as the clay layer thickness increases the bearing capacity
was alleviated gradually.