International Science Index


Conceptualizing of Priorities in the Dynamics of Public Administration Contemporary Reforms


The article presents the results of the creative analysis and comparison of trends in the development of the theory of public administration during the period from the second half of the 20th to the beginning of the 21st century. The process of conceptualization of the priorities of public administration in the dynamics of reforming was held under the influence of such factors as globalization, integration, information and technological changes and human rights is examined. The priorities of the social state in the concepts of the second half of the 20th century are studied. Peculiar approaches to determining the priorities of public administration in the countries of "Soviet dictatorship" in Central and Eastern Europe in the same period are outlined. Particular attention is paid to the priorities of public administration regarding the interaction between public power and society and the development of conceptual foundations for the modern managerial process. There is a thought that the dynamics of the formation of concepts of the European governance is characterized by the sequence of priorities: from socio-economic and moral-ethical to organizational-procedural and non-hierarchical ones. The priorities of the "welfare state" were focused on the decent level of material wellbeing of population. At the same time, the conception of "minimal state" emphasized priorities of human responsibility for their own fate under the conditions of minimal state protection. Later on, the emphasis was placed on horizontal ties and redistribution of powers and competences of "effective state" with its developed procedures and limits of responsibility at all levels of government and in close cooperation with the civil society. The priorities of the contemporary period are concentrated on human rights in the concepts of "good governance" and all the following ones, which recognize the absolute priority of public administration with compliance, provision and protection of human rights. There is a proved point of view that civilizational changes taking place under the influence of information and technological imperatives also stipulate changes in priorities, redistribution of emphases and update principles of managerial concepts on the basis of publicity, transparency, departure from traditional forms of hierarchy and control in favor of interactivity and inter-sectoral interaction, decentralization and humanization of managerial processes. The necessity to permanently carry out the reorganization, by establishing the interaction between different participants of public power and social relations, to establish a balance between political forces and social interests on the basis of mutual trust and mutual understanding determines changes of social, political, economic and humanitarian paradigms of public administration and their theoretical comprehension. The further studies of theoretical foundations of modern public administration in interdisciplinary discourse in the context of ambiguous consequences of the globalizational and integrational processes of modern European state-building would be advisable. This is especially true during the period of political transformations and economic crises which are the characteristic of the contemporary Europe, especially for democratic transition countries.

[1] S. Dullien and U. Guérot, “The long shadow of ordoliberalism: Germany’s approach to the euro crisis” European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), London, SW1H 9JA. February 2012
[2] L. Erhard, “Prosperity through Competition“, London: Thames & Hudson. 1958, p.12
[3] A. Okun, “The Political Economy of Prosperity“, Washington, The Brookings Institution, 1970, pp. 5-6
[4] G. Esping-Andersen, “Welfare states in transition national adaptations in global economies“. SAGE Publications Ltd 1996.
[5] P. Pierson, “The New Politics of the Welfare State“. Oxford University Press. 2001.
[6] L. Novak-Kalyayeva, “Contemporary trends of convergence in the concepts of public administration”. Kyiv: NAPA, 2013. - No. 1. - pp. 84-93.
[7] R. Litan, “On Rectification in Nozick’s Minimal State”. Political Theory, Vol. 5, no. 2 (1977), pp. 233-246.
[8] V. Havel, O lidskou identitu. Úvahy, fejetony, protesty, polemiky, prohlášení a rozhovory z let 1969 1979. Praha: Rozmluvy, 1990.
[9] M. Shymechka, “Restore order. Contribution to the typology of real socialism” Köln a R: Index, 1979.
[10] V. Benda, “Paralelnі polis” in Charta 77. Od moralnі k demokratickе revoluci. Dokumenty Bratislava: Archa. – 1990, pp. 43 51.
[11] L Novak-Kalyayeva, “Metamorphoses of social determinants in the concepts of public administration in the context of observance of human rights” Actual problems of public administration: N 4. Odesa: ORID NAPA, 2012, pp. 36-40.
[12] N. Fersman, L. Novak-Kalyayeva, T. Zemlinskaya, “Improvement of public administration based on human rights: theoretical approaches and practical implementation” // Proceedings of the 30th International Business Information Management Association Conference (IBIMA), 8-9 November 2017, - pp. 945 – 952.
[13] O. Sydorchuk, Problems And Ways Of Ensuring Social Security Of Ukraine In The Face Of Increasing External And Internal Threats. Scientific Journal Virtus N8, October,2016, – pp.186-189.
[14] J. Boston, The challenge of evaluating systemic change: the case of public management reform rnal International Public Management Journal 3 (2000), pp.23-46.
[15] J. M. Buchanan, “The Constitution of Economic Policy” American Economic Review. 1987. vol. 77, issue 3, pp. 243-50.
[16] D. Reisman, “The Political Economy of James Buchanan”. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989.
[17] A. Kuczabski., L. Zastavetska, T. Zastavetskyy, “The reform of administrative division in Ukraine: Problems of territorial communities’ formation in the Polish-Ukrainian borderland”, Journal of Geography, Politics and Society, 7(2), 2017.
[18] J. Kooiman, “Governing as Governance“ London: SAGE, 2003.
[19] J. Kooiman, ”Exploring the concept of Governability”. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis. 2008. Vol. 10, No.2, 171- 190.
[20] S. Klingebiel “Results-Based Aid (RBA) and its Application to Promote Good Governance” German Development Institute. April 05, 2012, Berlin.
[21] G. Marks and L. Hooghe, “Contrasting Visions of Multi-level Governance” in: Bache, Ian and Flinders Matthew, (eds.): Multi-level Governance; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp.15-30.
[22] G. Marks, L Hooghe, “Community, Scale and Regional Governance: A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance”, 2016 Volume 2, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[23] R. N. Lussier, “Management Fundamentals: Concepts, Applications, and Skill Development”, SAGE Publications, Inc; 7 edition,November 26, 2015.
[24] T. E Zemlinskaya., N. G Fersman. ”The Methology of Developing Skills for Solving Cross-Cultural Conflicts by Teaching Foreign Languages” Global scientific potential. SPb.: Publishing House TMBprint – №12 (69). 2016, – pp. 37-43.