International Science Index


10007839

Backward Erosion Piping through Vertically Layered Sands

Abstract:Backward erosion piping is an important failure mechanism for water-retaining structures, a phenomenon that results in the formation of shallow pipes at the interface of a sandy or silty foundation and a cohesive cover layer. This paper studies the effect of two soil types on backward erosion piping; both in case of a homogeneous sand layer, and in a vertically layered sand sample, where the pipe is forced to subsequently grow through the different layers. Two configurations with vertical sand layers are tested; they both result in wider pipes and higher critical gradients, thereby making this an interesting topic in research on measures to prevent backward erosion piping failures.
References:
[1] G. Bligh, Sumerged weirs founded on sand, in: Dams and weirs: an analytical and practical treatise on gravity dams and weirs; arch and buttress dams, submerged weirs; and barrages, Chicago, 1915, pp. 151-179.
[2] J.H. Schmertmann, Judgment and innovation @ sThe Heritage and future of the geotechnical engineering profession. ASCE, (2000) 68.
[3] E. Glynn, M. Quinn, J. Kuszmaul, in: ICSE6 Paris, Paris, 2012.
[4] S. Vorogushyn, B. Merz, H. Apel, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 9 (2009) 1383-1401.
[5] C.S.P. Ojha, V.P. Singh, D.D. Adrian, J. Hydraul. Eng.-ASCE, 129 (2003) 511-518.
[6] U. El Shamy, F. Aydin, J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng., 134 (2008) 1385-1398.
[7] S. Benjasuppatananan, C.L. Meehaln, in: Geo-congress 2013, 2013, pp. 1129-1138.
[8] V. van Beek, Q. Yao, M. Van, F. Barends, in: ICSE6, Paris, 2012, pp. 543-550.
[9] H. Sellmeijer, J.L. de la Cruz, V.M. van Beek, H. Knoeff, Eur. J. Environ. Civ. Eng., 15 (2011) 1139-1154.
[10] J.B. Sellmeijer, M.A. Koenders, Appl. Math. Model., 15 (1991) 646-651.
[11] J.B. Sellmeijer, in: PHD-thesis, TU Delft, Delft, 1988.
[12] V.M.v. van Beek, A. Bezuijen, H. Sellmeijer, Backward Erosion Piping, in: S. Bonelli (Ed.) Erosion in Geomechanics Applied to Dams and Levees, Wiley, London, 2013, pp. 193-269.
[13] V.M. van Beek, H. Knoeff, H. Sellmeijer, Eur. J. Environ. Civ. Eng., 15 (2011) 1115-1137.
[14] U. Hanses, H. Müller-Kirchenbauer, S. Savidis, in: Bautechnik, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Berlin, 1985, pp. 6.
[15] D. Miesel, in, Berlin, 1978.
[16] J.M. De Wit, J.B. Sellmeijer, A. Penning, in, 1981.
[17] J.B. Sellmeijer, in: Euromech 143, Delft, 1981.
[18] V.M. Van Beek, A. Bezuijen, in: L.S. Sprimgman (Ed.) Physical modeling in geotechnics, Taylor & Francis group, 2010, pp. 183-189.
[19] K. Vandenboer, A. Bezuijen, V.M.v. Beek, Frontiers of structural and civil engineering, 8 (2014) 7.
[20] K. Vandenboer, A. bezuijen, V.M. van Beek, in: L. Cheng, S. Draper, H. An (Eds.) 7th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, Taylor & Francis, Perth, 2014, pp. 81-86.
[21] V.M. van Beek, A. Bezuijen, F.B.J. Barends, Geotechnique, 64 (2014) 927-941.
[22] E.W. Lane, Transactions of the american society of civil engineers, 100 (1935) 38.
[23] F.C. Townsend, D. Bloomquist, J. Shiau, R. Martinez, H. Rubin, in, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, 1988.