International Science Index


10006215

A Comparative Study on Air Permeability Properties of Multilayered Nonwoven Structures

Abstract:

Air permeability plays an important role for applications such as filtration, thermal and acoustic insulation. The study discussed in this paper was conducted in an attempt to investigate air permeability property of various combinations of nonwovens. The PROWHITE air permeability tester was used for the measurement of the air permeability of the samples in accordance with the relevant standards and a comparative study of the results were made. It was found that the fabric mass per unit area was closely related to the air-permeability. The air permeability decreased with the increase in mass per unit area. Additionally, the air permeability of nonwoven fabrics decreased with the increase in thickness. Moreover, air permeability of multilayered SMS nonwoven structures was lower than those of single layered ones.

References:
[1] S. Sakthivel, J.J. Ezhil Anban, and T. Ramachandran, “Development of Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabrics from Reclaimed Fibers for Air Filtration Applications”, J Eng. Fiber Fabr., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 149-154, 2014.
[2] E. Cincik, and E. Koç, “An analysis on air permeability of polyester/viscose blended needle-punched nonwovens”, Text. Res. J., vol. 82, no. 5, pp. 430-442, 2016.
[3] O.B. Berkalp, “Air Permeability & Porosity in Spun-laced Fabrics”, FIBRES TEXT East Eur., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 81-85, 2006.
[4] V. K. Kothari, and A. Newton, “The Air Permeability of Nonwoven Fabrics”, J. Text. I., vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 525-531, 1974.
[5] V. Subramaniam, M. Madhusoothanan, and C. R. Debnath, “Air Permeability of Blended Nonwoven Fabrics”, Text. Res. J., vol. 58, no. 11, pp. 677-678, 1988.
[6] R. W. Dent, “The Air Permeability of Nonwoven Fabrics”, J. Text. I., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 220-224, 1976.
[7] H. H. Epps, and K. K. Leonas, “Pore Size and Air Permeability of Four Nonwoven Fabrics”, Int. Nonwovens J., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 18-22, 2000.
[8] M. Mohammadi, P. Banks-Lee, and P. Ghadimi, “Air permeability of multilayer needle punched nonwoven fabrics: Theoretical method”, J. Ind. Text., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 45–57, 2002.
[9] M. Mohammadi, P. Banks-Lee, and P. Ghadimi, “Air permeability of multilayer needle punched nonwoven fabrics: Experimental method”, J. Ind. Text., vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 139–150, 2002.
[10] A. Rawal, “A cross-plane permeability model for needle-punched nonwoven structures”, J. Text. I., vol. 97, no. 6, pp. 527–532, 2006.
[11] S. Y. Yeo, O. S. Kim, D. Y. Lim, S. W. Byun, and S. H. Jeong, “Effect of processing condition on the filtration performances of nonwovens for bag filter media”, J. Mater. Sci., vol. 40, no. 20, pp. 5393–5398, 2005.
[12] P.P. Tsai, and Y. Yan, “The Influence of Fiber and Fabric Properties on Nonwoven Performance”, in Application of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles, Woodhead Publishing Limited. New York, 2010, pp. 18-45
[13] H. Lim, “A Review of Spun Bond Process”, J. Text. App. Tech. Manage, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1-13, 2010.
[14] Z. Bo, “Production of polypropylene melt blown nonwoven fabrics: Part II —Effect of Process Parameters”, Indian J. Fibre Text. Res., vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 326-330, December 2012.
[15] A. M. Vuillame, “A Global Approach to the Economics and End-product Quality of Spun-lace Nonwovens”, Tappi J., vol. 74, no. 8, pp. 149-152, 1991.
[16] M. Powers and R. Schmidft, Acoustic material with liquid repellency, Patent No: WO2012141671A2.WO2012141671A3.
[17] J. R. Gross, J. S. Hurley, B. E. Boehmer, and R. T. Moose, Nonwoven material for acoustic insulation and process for manufacture, Patent No: US7918313 B2
[18] www.chinatexnet.com