International Science Index


10005282

Role of Non-Renewable and Renewable Energy for Sustainable Electricity Generation in Malaysia

Abstract:The main objective of this paper is to give a comprehensive review of non-renewable energy and renewable energy utilization in Malaysia, including hydropower, solar photovoltaic, biomass and biogas technologies. Malaysia mainly depends on non-renewable energy (natural gas, coal and crude oil) for electricity generation. Therefore, this paper provides a comprehensive review of the energy sector and discusses diversification of electricity generation as a strategy for providing sustainable energy in Malaysia. Energy policies and strategies to protect the non-renewable energy utilization also are highlighted, focusing in the different sources of energy available for high and sustained economic growth. Emphasis is also placed on a discussion of the role of renewable energy as an alternative source for the increase of electricity supply security. It is now evident that to achieve sustainable development through renewable energy, energy policies and strategies have to be well designed and supported by the government, industries (firms), and individual or community participation. The hope is to create a positive impact on sustainable development through renewable sources for current and future generations.
References:
[1] H. Hamdi, R. Sbia, & M. Shahbaz, “The nexus between electricity consumption and economic growth in Bahrain,” Economic Modelling, vol. 38, pp. 227-237, 2014.
[2] M. Shahbaz, M. Arouri & F. Teulon, “Short-and long-run relationships between natural gas consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Pakistan,” Economic Modelling, vol. 41, pp. 219-226, 2014.
[3] F. Karanfil & Y. Li, “Electricity consumption and economic growth: exploring panel-specific differences,” Energy Policy, vol. 82, pp. 264-277, 2015
[4] F. Islam, M. Shahbaz, A. U. Ahmed & M. M. Alam, “Financial development and energy consumption nexus in Malaysia: a multivariate time series analysis,” Economic Modelling, vol. 30, pp. 435-441, 2013.
[5] N. Apergis, & J. E. Payne, “Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption-growth nexus: Evidence from a panel error correction model,” Energy Economics, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 733-738, 2012.
[6] M. Shahbaz & H. H. Lean, “Does financial development increase energy consumption? The role of industrialization and urbanization in Tunisia,” Energy policy, vol. 40, pp. 473-479, 2012.
[7] T. Lorde, K. Waithe & B. Francis, “The importance of electrical energy for economic growth in Barbados,” Energy Economics, vol. 3, no.6, pp. 1411-1420. 2010.
[8] C. B. Jumbe, “Cointegration and causality between electricity consumption and GDP: empirical evidence from Malawi,” Energy economics, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 61-68, 2004.
[9] H. A. Bekhet & L. L. Ivy-Yap, “Highlighting energy policies and strategies for the residential sector in Malaysia,” International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 448-456, 2014.
[10] A.R.F. Al-Faris, “The demand for electricity in the GCC countries,” Energy Policy, vol. 30, pp.117-124, 2002.
[11] H. Amusa, K. Amusa & R. Mabugu, “Aggregate demand for electricity in South Africa: An analysis using the bounds testing approach to co-integration,” Energy Policy, vol. 37, pp. 4167-4175, 2009.
[12] Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2015). International Energy Outlook. Available at: http://www.eia.gov (accessed: 13 January 2016).
[13] Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Malaysia (2016a). 11th Malaysian Plan (2016-2020). Available at: http://rmk11.epu.gov.my/pdf/. (accessed: 9 March 2016).
[14] Energy Commission (ST), Malaysia (2015a). Malaysia Energy Statistics Handbook. Available at: http://www.st.gov.my. (accessed: 31 May 2016).
[15] International Energy Agency (IEA) (2007). Renewables in global energy supply. Available at: https://web.archive.org/web/20091012052513/http://www.iea.org/textbase/papers/2006/renewable_factsheet.pdf. (accessed: 1 June 2016)
[16] M. B. Mbarek, R. Khairallah & R. Feki, “Causality relationships between renewable energy, nuclear energy and economic growth in France,” Environment Systems and Decisions, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 133-142, 2015.
[17] A. C. Marques, J. A. Fuinhas & A. R. Nunes, “Electricity generation mix and economic growth: What role is being played by nuclear sources and carbon dioxide emissions in France?” Energy Policy, no. 92, pp. 7-19, 2016.
[18] S. K. Sahoo, “Renewable and sustainable energy reviews solar photovoltaic energy progress in India: A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, no. 59, pp. 927-939, 2016.
[19] R. C. da Silva, I. de Marchi Neto & S. S. Seifert, “Electricity supply security and the future role of renewable energy sources in Brazil,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 59, pp. 328-341, 2016.
[20] Energy Commission (ST), Malaysia (2016a). Energy Malaysia. Available at: http://www.st.gov.my/. (accessed: 5 April 2016).
[21] T. S. Jalal, “National Energy Policies and the Electricity Sector in Malaysia,” in Proc. 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment (ICEE 2009), Melaka, Malaysia, 2009, pp. 385-392.
[22] Thomson Reuters (2014). Project Finance International (PFI), Malaysian IPP goes international. Available at: http://www.pfie.com/malaysian-ipp-goes-international/21145539.fullarticle. (accessed: 14 June 2016).
[23] Energy Commission (ST), Malaysia (2015b). Sabah Electricity Supply Industry Outlook. Available at: http://www.st.gov.my/ (accessed: 14 June 2016).
[24] Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2013). Oil Marketing and Trading International (MTI), Malaysia oil market overview. Available at: http://www.oil-marketing.com/index.php/news/114-eia-malaysia-oil-market-overview. (accessed: 30 May 2016).
[25] Enerdata (2015), Global Energy Statistical Yearbook. Available at: https://yearbook.enerdata.net/world-electricity-production-map-graph-and-data.html. (accessed: 11 May 2016).
[26] Energy Commission (ST), Malaysia (2016b). Malaysia Energy Information Hub (MEIH). Available at: http://www.st.gov.my/. (accessed: 15 March 2016).
[27] Institute for Energy Research (IER) (2015). China: World’s largest energy consumer and greenhouse gas emitter. Available at: http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/analysis/china-worlds-largest-energy-consumer-and-greenhouse-gas-emitter/. (accessed: 31 May 2016).
[28] L. Tripathi, A. K. Mishra, Dubey, C. B. Tripathi, & P. Baredar, “Renewable energy: An overview on its contribution in current energy scenario of India,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 60, pp. 226-233, 2016.
[29] W. K. Pokale, “Effects of thermal power plant on environment,” Scientifics Reviews & Chemical Communications, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 212-215, 2012.
[30] P. Garg, “Energy scenario and Vision 2020 in India,” Journal of Sustainable Energy Environment, vol. 3, pp. 7-17, 2012.
[31] J. A. Vidoza & W. L. Gallo, “Projection of fossil fuels consumption in the Venezuelan electricity generation industry,” Energy, vol. 104, pp. 237-249, 2016.
[32] E. Dogan, “The relationship between economic growth and electricity consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources: A study of Turkey,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 52, pp. 534-546, 2015.
[33] Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Malaysia (2016c). 8th Malaysian Plan (2001-2005). Available at: http://www.epu.gov.my/en/eighth-malaysia-plan-2001-2005. (accessed: 30 May 2016).
[34] E. Dogan & F. Seker, “Determinants of CO2 emissions in the European Union: The role of renewable and non-renewable energy,” Renewable Energy, vol. 94, pp. 429-439, 2016.
[35] Engineering Consultancy Firm (SMEC), Malaysia (2016). The Future of Hydropower in Malaysia (2005) Available at: http://www.smecmal.com.my/corporateprofile.htm. (accessed: 31 May 2016).
[36] Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), Malaysia (2016b). Statistics and Monitoring: RE Installed Capacities. Available at: http://seda.gov.my/. (accessed: 1 June 2016).
[37] A. Ghafoor, T. ur Rehman, A. Munir, M. Ahmad & M. Iqbal, “Current status and overview of renewable energy potential in Pakistan for continuous energy sustainability,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 60, pp. 1332-1342, 2016.
[38] The Star (2013). Sarawak Energy Berhad (SEB): It will take up to 12 months to fill up RM3.5 billion Murum Dam (25 July 2013). http://www.thestar.com.my/. (accessed: 1 June 2016).
[39] F. Khatun & M. Ahamad, “Foreign direct investment in the energy and power sector in Bangladesh: Implications for economic growth,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 52, pp. 1369-1377, 2015.
[40] H. Liming, “Financing rural renewable energy: a comparison between China and India,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1096-1103, 2009.
[41] Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), Malaysia (2015). News: Malaysia set to record over 2,000MW of RE by 2020 (October 2015). Available at: http://seda.gov.my/. (accessed: 13 April 2016).
[42] BioEnergy Consult (BEC), Malaysia (2015). Bioenergy developments in Malaysia. Available at: http://www.bioenergyconsult.com/bioenergy-developments-malaysia/ (accessed: 1 June 2016).
[43] Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), Malaysia (2016a). Biogas. Available at: http://seda.gov.my/biogas.html. (accessed: 13 June 2016).
[44] H. A. Bekhet, & E. J. M. Sahid, “Illuminating the Policies Affecting Energy Security in Malaysia’s Electricity Sector,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1164-1169, 2016.
[45] Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Malaysia (2016b). The Third Outline Perspective Plan for 2001-2010, OPP3. Available at: http://www.epu.gov.my/en/the-third-outline-perspective-plan-2001-2010. (accessed: 30 May 2016).
[46] Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA), Malaysia (2016c). Overview of FiT System in Malaysia. Available at: http://seda.gov.my/overview_of_fit_concept_in_malaysia.html. (accessed: 2 June 2016).
[47] J. J. Vidal-Amaro, P. A. Østergaard & C. Sheinbaum-Pardo, “Optimal energy mix for transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources–The case of the Mexican electricity system,” Applied Energy, vol. 150, no. 80-96, 2015.